Mark B Bush,1,* Miles R Silman,2 Mauro B de Toledo,1,4 Claudia Listopad,1 William D Gosling,1,†Christopher Williams,1 Paulo E de Oliveira,3 and Carolyn Krisel2
|Ano de Publicação
|GEOCIÊNCIAS E CARTOGRAFIA
While large-scale pre-Columbian human occupation and ecological disturbance have been demonstrated close to major Amazonian waterways, less is known of sites in terra firme settings. Palaeoecological analyses of two lake districts in central and western Amazonia reveal long histories of occupation and land use. At both locations, human activity was centred on one of the lakes, while the others were either lightly used or unused. These analyses indicate that the scale of human impacts in these terra firme settings is localized and probably strongly influenced by the presence of a permanent open-water body. Evidence is found of forest clearance and cultivation of maize and manioc. These data are directly relevant to the resilience of Amazonian conservation, as they do not support the contention that all of Amazonia is a ‘built landscape’ and therefore a product of past human land use.
Keywords: agriculture, charcoal, fossil pollen, Peru, Brazil, pre-Columbian
|Tipo de publicação
|Publicações periódicas (revistas, jornais, boletins)
|Local da publicação
|London - UK - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2311425/
|Nº da edição ou volume
|Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2007 Feb 28; 362(1478): 209–218.
|The Royal Society Publishing - http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/